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How to share Greek texts with others

Nanos makes it possible to share Greek text files with people who use different operating systems and software packages. No conversion will be necessary at the other end, and no re-typing. The Greek texts will print and display identically.

For example, Windows users can send their Greek files to publishers or colleagues using Mac OS X, Linux -- and vice versa. Microsoft Word users can send their Greek texts to people working with Adobe InDesign, Apple Pages, or OpenOffice -- and vice versa.

Here is how (for offline publishing -- for online publishing, see below):

  • First step: in Nanos, save your Greek text, by pressing Ctrl-S, or by mouse-clicking once on the Save button. Alternatively, you may select the option Save from the File menu. You now have a standard Unicode text file, in UTF-8 format, which is an internationally normed text file format, supported by the Internet authorities and all modern operating systems and text-processing software packages.
  • Second step: send your text file to the person you wish to share it with. For example, you may want to attach it to an e-mail message, or upload it to a web site, or burn it on a disc and send it the good old way... In case the recipient does not have any Greek Unicode font yet, you may choose to include one of the Greek fonts that Nanos comes with, such as Proson (a good Greek font, similar to the font used in the Oxford Classical Text editions). If your recipient uses a modern version of Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office, he or she will have a font called Arial Unicode MS, which contains Greek Unicode characters. So in that case you needn't necessarily send a Greek Unicode font along. Though it wouldn't be a mistake, and as we let you share the Proson font with your recipients free of charge, why not give your recipients the option to use that attractive font. There is also a Greek fonts area on the Nanos website with links to other excellent Greek Unicode fonts, such as Aisa Unicode, Gentium, and Titus Cyberbit Basic. Some of these very good fonts are free of charge for non-commercial use.

What your recipient has to do when he or she gets your Greek file:

  • First step: your recipient will have to install a Greek Unicode font on his or her system, if that hasn't been done before. If your recipient uses a modern version of Microsoft Windows and Microsoft Office, he or she will have a font called Arial Unicode MS, which contains Greek Unicode characters.
  • Second step: your recipient can open your Greek text file directly in his or her software package of choice, such as Adobe InDesign, Apple Pages, Microsoft Word, OpenOffice, etc. It has to be a modern software package that supports Unicode fonts and Unicode text files. See below for more information on modern software packages.

Requirements at the recipient's end:

  • An operating system supporting Unicode, such as Linux, Mac OS X, Windows (98SE or higher), Solaris, another form of Unix, or Zeta.
  • A software package supporting Unicode fonts and Unicode text files.

Software packages known to fulfil these requirements (random selection):

Some popular software packages with which you can exchange Greek texts
Manufacturer Software package Type of package Operating system
Adobe/Macromedia Dreamweaver MX Professional web design Mac OS X, Windows
Adobe InDesign (version 2.0, CS, or higher) Professional layouting/DTP Mac OS X, Windows
Adobe Photoshop (version 6.0, CS, or higher) Professional raster image processing Mac OS X, Windows
Apple Pages Layouting/text processing Mac OS X
Apple Safari Web browser Mac OS X
Apple TextEdit Basic text editor Mac OS X
Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis, et al. the gimp (version 2.0.0 and higher) Professional raster image processing Linux and various other platforms
The Konqueror Developers (http://konqueror.kde.org) Konqueror Web browser, file manager Linux and various other platforms
Microsoft Editor Rudimentary text editor Windows
Microsoft Excel (version 2000 or higher) Spreadsheet Mac OS X, Windows
Microsoft Internet Explorer Web browser Mac OS X, Windows
Microsoft Word (version 2000 or higher) Text editor Mac OS X, Windows
Microsoft WordPad (version 5.1 or higher) Basic text editor Windows
Microsoft Works - Text editor (version 7.0 and higher) Text editor (other Works components not compatible!) Windows
OpenOffice.org, its community members, and SUN Microsystems Inc. OpenOffice Office package, including text editor, web page designer, spreadsheet, presentation package, address book, calendar etc. (all of them Unicode-enabled) Linux, Mac OS X, Windows
SUN Microsystems Inc. StarOffice Office package, including text editor, web page designer, spreadsheet, presentation package, address book, calendar etc. (all of them Unicode-enabled) Linux, Solaris, Windows
Quark QuarkXPress (version 7.0 or higher) Professional layouting/DTP Mac OS X, Windows

This is just a very small, random selection of a myriad of compatible software packages.
All modern operating systems and software packages support the Unicode-based international norms and regulations that Nanos implements. Software developers around the world are bound by these rules, and in future all relevant software packages will more or less have to be compatible.

Generally speaking, most software packages published for Linux already fulfil the requirements for exchanging Greek text, i.e. they are Unicode-enabled and support UTF-8 (and/or UTF-16) text files. For example, all components of the OpenOffice package work seamlessly with Nanos, including the text editor, spreadsheet, web designer, presentation package, address book, etc.

Incompatible (pre-Unicode) technology:

Apple's previous Mac OS (versions 7, 8 and 9) does not yet comply with international rules and regulations regarding Greek text processing. As a result, software that runs under this operating system is generally incompatible with text produced with Nanos. Reason: Mac OS does not yet support Unicode fully. It also does not support modern Java Runtime Engines, so it is not possible to run Nanos itself on Apple's old operating system.
Apple's modern operating system, Mac OS X, fully supports Unicode, so it is compatible with text produced with Nanos. From version 10.2.8 onwards, Mac OS X also supports modern Java Runtime Engines, so there is a Nanos version for Mac OS X also (version 10.2.8 and onwards). On some versions of Mac OS X, a Java Runtime Engine is not included with the operating system itself. In such cases, users will have to download it from Apple through the "Software Update" function.

Some older versions of Microsoft Office, and many older Microsoft Works components are not able to handle Unicode fonts properly. Fortunately, most versions of Microsoft Word and of Microsoft Works-Text editor (only the text editor of Microsoft Works!) are compatible.

DOS software generally does not fulfil the Unicode requirements.

Online publishing:

Of course you may prefer to share your Greek texts with others by putting them on the web. Nanos is ideal for preparing Greek texts for the web. Just write your text, then copy and paste it into your web design package of choice, such as Adobe/Macromedia Dreamweaver, OpenOffice, etc.
With some web design packages, you will also have to manually set the character set of your web page to "utf-8". This means that in the head section of your web page there has to be a line like this:

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">

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